Ramadan Fasting Rules
Rules Of Ramadan Fasting
10 Things Which Breaks Fast:
1) Eating or drinking breaks the sawn.
2) Sexual intercourse even if there is no emergence of semen.
4) Inhaling smoke by one’s own action. E.g. inhaling the smoke of incense, etc.
5) Application of medication into the anus.
6) Swallowing any substance or object which is not normally, consumed as food or medicine, e.g. pebbles, paper, a com, etc.
7) Pouring oil into the ear.
8)Saliva mingled with blood will break- the fast if the taste of blood is discernible when swallowing.
9) Eating deliberately after having eaten mistakenly. (Eating mistake does not break the fast).
10) Water slipping down the throat while making wudhu even if not done deliberately.
Who is Exempted from Fasting?
Those who are sick but are able to fast must do so. However, if fasting is detrimental to a person’s health, due to illness, then this person is not required to fast. Those who have no hope of recovery are to compensate by paying Fidyah – The feeding of a needy person for every day missed. Those who are temporarily ill are to make up the missed days after their recovery before the next Ramadan.
A traveller who will face no difficulty in fasting may choose not to fast, but fasting in his case is preferable. If, however, fasting will cause a traveller hardships then it is advised to take up the favour and concession of Allah granted to him, and break the fast. The missed days must be made up before the next Ramadan.
Fasting is not required of children until they reach the age of puberty. The signs of puberty are: the growth of pubic hair, the occurrence of wet dreams, and in the case of a female, the menstrual period. If a person turns the age of fifteen and none of these signs have appeared, then they are considered to have reached the age of puberty. Although children are not obligated to fast prior to puberty, they should be encouraged to fast if there is no fear of harm as this will train them to fast.
Actions That Are Permissible During Fasting:
There are some actions that are permissible to do while fasting, which will not nullify the fast. For example:
Taking a shower
It is permissible to shower, for any reason, even if you are showering due to thirst or being ove
Rinsing the mouth and nose
It is permissible to rinse the mouth and nose without exaggeration; using too much water may cause you to swallow water, which may invalidate your fast.
Applying eyeliner oreye drops
It is permissible to apply kohl (eyeliner) or eye drops or anything else to the eyes, even if some taste from it finds its way to the throat.
It is also permissible to take injections for nutritional or medical purposes; there is no text that proves this invalidates the fast.
Similarly, it is permissible to have an enema or douche. The injection of liquid into the rectum through the anus for cleansing, as a laxative, or for other therapeutic purposes, or the use of a suppository (a solid medication designed to melt within a body cavity) or any other medicine that can be used in the private parts, whether in the front or back is permissible. There is no text that considers these acts to nullify the fast.
Your fast will not become invalid if you consume something that you could not protect yourself from. For example, swallowing your saliva or accidentally swallowing dust or sifted flour that has accidentally entered your mouth.
Tasting food with the tongue
Your fast will be valid even if you taste food with your tongue or use toothpaste or mouthwash as long as nothing is swallowed.
Breathing in different scents
Kissing and embracing one’s spouse
It is permissible to kiss and embrace your spouse as long as one is able to control oneself.
It is also permissible to draw blood in any amount for any reason. If drawing blood weakens the person, it will be considered a disliked action.
Being in a state of janaabah
Your fast will still be valid even if you find yourself in a state of janaabah (a major ritual impurity) after fajr (dawn) has arrived. Ghusl (a full bath) can still be performed once the time of fajr has begun.
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